Fort Collins Lambkins

Where Excellence is Expected

Glossary of Terms

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ACT
American College Test
The ACT test is given to students in April of their Junior year and assesses high school students' general educational development and their ability to complete college-level work. Colleges use these scores to determine if a student will be a good fit for admission. This test is comparable to the SAT. It is recommended that you look at the college or university of your choice for their preference of exam. Also, it is wise to take the exam more than once as the colleges will only see the highest score earned.

Accuplacer
Exam given at community colleges as an assessment to check for remediation needs before enrollment. This exam can be taken locally at FRCC or Aims.

AP
Advanced Placement
College level courses taken as a part of a high school program that offers advanced students the opportunity to take courses with more challenging college-level content. Students who complete courses are eligible to take the exams for college credit at most colleges and universities; these exams are taken in May. The Advanced Placement program is created by College Board **(http://www.collegeboard.com).

ASVAB
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery
"The ASVAB is a timed multi-aptitude test, which is given at over 14,000 schools and Military Entrance Processing Stations (MEPS) nationwide and is developed and maintained by the Department of Defense." (**http://www.military.com) The ASVAB is free to all students and the scores can be reported to the military branch of your choice, or not at all. The Army suggests using the ASVAB as a preparation exam for the ACT or SAT. Students who are interested in going into the military or taking the ASVAB should see the Life Connections Center counselor.

AYP
AYP stands for adequate yearly progress. It represents the annual academic performance targets in reading and math that the state, school districts, and schools must reach to be considered on track for 100% proficiency by school year 2013-14 (**http://www.cde.state.co.us).

COF
College Opportunity Fund
"The College Opportunity Trust Fund was created by the Colorado Legislature and provides a stipend to eligible undergraduate students. The stipend pays a portion of total in-state tuition when a student attends a Colorado public institution or a participating private institution. Eligible undergraduate students must apply, be admitted and enroll at a participating institution. Both new and continuing students are eligible for the stipend. Qualifying students may use the stipend for eligible undergraduate classes. The stipend is paid on a per-credit-hour basis to the institution at which the student is enrolled." (**http://highered.colorado.gov) Students will complete the COF during their senior interviews with their counselor.

TCAP
The Transitional Colorado Assessment Program (TCAP) is designed to provide a picture of how students in the State of Colorado are progressing toward meeting academic standards, and how schools are doing to ensure learning success of students. (**http://www.cde.state.co.us) The TCAPs are currently taken in March and April of every year by every freshman and sophomore at FCHS.

Early Action
Early action deadlines are different from early decision deadlines because students are not required to enroll at the college if they are accepted. For this reason we suggest students aim for this deadline or the priority deadline for college admissions. It is best to apply early to schools if you want to be considered for financial help (scholarships, grants, etc.) that are offered through the school.

Early Decision
Colleges can have many different admissions deadlines and while we always suggest students apply early, you will want to be aware of the differences in these deadlines! Early decision application means that you are agreeing that you will attend this school if they are to accept you. The decision is binding and colleges expect that the student will enroll. For this reason it is important that students only apply for one early decision deadline and that it is to the school that they are absolutely sure they want to attend!

EXPLORE
The Explore test is given to 9th graders in the Poudre School District. Student results include
information about educational and career plans, interests, and high school coursework plans.
(**http://www.actstudent.org) This information can be used by the school and parents to point students
into courses based on their interests and strengths.

FAFSA
Free Application for Federal Student Aid
The FAFSA is an "application you must complete to be considered for federal student aid including student loans, state funding and most institutional awards. Most colleges require students to complete the FAFSA. The financial aid office at your college will use the information in the FAFSA to determine the types of financial aid for which you are eligible." (www.collegeincolorado.org) It is recommended that all students complete the FAFSA as soon as their tax documents for that year are available. This means students could be completing the FAFSA as early as January their senior years. For the FAFSA you may visit www.fafsa.ed.gov. It is wise to complete the application as soon as is possible but deadlines are determined by the college/university and can be as early as February. The Federal deadline for completion is in June. There are some opportunities to complete the FAFSA in a guided group session lead by College Goal Sunday (**http://www.collegegoalsundayusa.org).

FRCC
Front Range Community College has a partnership with the Poudre School District which allows our students to take courses on their campuses. These courses include programs such as Certified Nursing Assistant, Industrial Welding, Construction, Automotive, Culinary Arts, Animal Technician, Wildlife and Forestry, Architecture, Law Enforcement, etc. Students are expected to fill out an application and interview for the slot before registration in February. Look for more information during the months of December and January or see your counselor if you are interested!

FTE
Full-time Equivalent is a way to measure a teacher's load at an educational institution. An FTE of 1.0 means that the teacher is equivalent to full-time employment.

GED
General Educational Development
It is sometimes referred to as "General Equivalency Diploma," "General Education(al) Diploma" or "high school equivalency." It is a battery of tests that, when passed, certifies the student has high school academic skills. The GED test is a test of equivalency for the high school diploma. (**http://highered.colorado.gov) This exam is available to students after the age of 17 and tests on all academic skills learned in high school. Opportunities to students who have gained their GED may be limited depending on what their post-high school plans are. The GED and preparation classes are available at Front Range Community College and Aims.

GPA
Grade Point Average
GPA is the "cumulative average of course work, usually on a four-point scale. A=4.0, B=3.0, C=2.0, D=1.0, F=0.0. High school GPA is reported on high school transcripts and used in admission evaluation. Postsecondary GPA is used for evaluation of transfer students moving from one institution to another." (**http://highered.colorado.gov)

Grant
A type of financial aid that is considered gift aid because it does not have to be repaid. Grants are also considered need-based because they are awarded to students who do not have the financial means to attend college. Your eligibility for a grant is determined by your EFC (calculated from the information provided on your FAFSA) and the amount of funding available at your college. (**http://www.collegeincolorado.org)

G/T
Gifted/Talented
Those persons whose abilities, talents, and potential for accomplishments are so exceptional or developmentally advanced that they require special provisions to meet their education needs. Gifted and talented students are capable of high performance, exceptional production, or exceptional learning behavior by virtue of any or a combination of the following areas: intellectual, academic aptitude, creative or productive thinking, leadership and human relation abilities, visual arts, performing arts, musical abilities, and psychomotor abilities. Students are typically identified as Gifted and Talented after the 3rd grade.

IEP
Individualized Education Plan
An IEP is written for all students who are identified as educationally disabled and receive special education or related services. This plan describes an educational program based on the student’s educational needs.

ILP
Individual Literacy Plan (State acronym)
Students who are not reading at grade level are placed on an ILP in an attempt to review skills and bring students up to grade level.

Index Score
Your index score is an evaluation used by colleges and universities based on your cumulative GPA and ACT/SAT score. You can calculate your index score by clicking here and view the index here.

Naviance
Web-based planning and advising system used by all students and their parents to plan their high school courses, research and explore post-high school opportunities, access scholarships, prepare for the ACT, and more. Students should be working actively on Naviance.

PLAN
This career assessment and achievement test, created by ACT, is offered to FCHS students in October of their Sophomore year. The PLAN is a practice ACT and gives students an estimate of their expected ACT score, areas for improvement, and has a career assessment that helps students explore their options for after high school. The test is free to our students. We use the test to help our students become more comfortable with the testing environment and style of test questions so that they are more prepared for their junior year. The test has four sections: Reading, English, Science and Math. For more information on the PLAN test please visit **http://www.actstudent.org/PLAN or talk with your student's counselor.

Priority
The definition of priority deadlines, as with all deadlines set by a school, can vary but usually means those students who complete applications early and are accepted get preferential housing options or course selection. It is best to apply for these deadlines instead of regular deadlines! Students who are accepted at these early deadlines are considered for financial help (scholarships and grants) that are offered through the school. As a general guideline I suggest students complete their college applications before Thanksgiving break so they are not worried about applications and can instead worry about scholarships and paying for college. Students should always thoroughly read application instructions, however, to make sure they are making informed decisions!

PSAT/NMSQT
Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test
Administered by the College Board, the PSAT is a standardized test that provides practice for the SAT. It also gives you a chance to enter National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC) scholarship programs. This test is optional and is offered in October to sophomores and juniors; however, to qualify for the National Merit Scholarship you must be a junior.

PSEO
Post Secondary Enrollment Option/ Housebill 1244
A federal program that offers concurrent enrollment in college courses while in high school. For more information see the information packet (best viewed with Internet Explorer) or your student's counselor.

RTI
Response to Intervention (RTI) is a multi-tiered approach to help struggling learners. Students' progress is closely monitored at each stage of intervention to determine the need for further research-based instruction and/or intervention in general education, in special education, or both. (**http://www.rtinetwork.org)

SAT
The Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) was created by the College Board (**http://www.collegeboard.com) and is used by colleges and universities to determine whether a student is a good fit for admission. This test is similar to the ACT, the exam given to all students in April of their junior year. Counselors suggest that you look at what the college or university of your choice prefers and register for the exam accordingly. Also, it may help to take the exams more than once as colleges will only see the highest score earned.

Scholarship
"A type of financial aid for which the money received does not have to be paid back. Scholarships are considered merit-based aid because they are awarded to students who are eligible based on certain criteria. The most common scholarships are academic and athletic scholarships. You must apply for each scholarship separately by completing an application (supplied by the scholarship donor) and in many cases, by writing an essay about yourself. Scholarships come from a variety of sources including federal and state governments, the college you are attending, churches, professional organizations and businesses." (**http://www.collegeincolorado.org) A list of scholarships and applications can be found on Naviance, **http://www.fastweb.com,  **http://www.scholarshipexperts.com and other online programs. Beware of those scholarships that ask you to pay a fee of any amount! They may be a scam!

WUE or Western Undergraduate Exchange
WUE "is a program of the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education (WICHE). Students who are residents of WICHE states may enroll at participating two- and four-year college programs outside of their home state at a reduced tuition rate." For more information visit **http://wue.wiche.edu/. States included are: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, Wyoming.

Work Study
"A part-time employment program that provides jobs for undergraduate and graduate students to assist them to meet a portion of their education expenses. Work-study funding comes from federal and state governments as well as from the college. The results of your FAFSA and funding at your college determine your eligibility." (**http://www.collegeincolorado.org)